LAXATIVES (Purgatives, Cathartics)

1. Bulk forming agents

Dietary fibre:

Bran

Psyllium (Plantago)

Ispaghula

Methylcellulose

2. Stool softener

Docusates (DOSS)

Liquid paraffin

3. Stimulant purgatives

a. Diphenylmethanes:

Phenolphthalein

Bisacodyl

Sodium picosulfate

b. Anthraquinones (Emodins):

Senna

Cascara sagrada

c. 5-HT4  agonist:

Tegaserod

d. Fixed oil:

Castor oil

 

4. Osmotic purgatives

Magnesium sulphate

Magnesium hydroxide

Sodium sulphate

Sodium phosphate

Sod. pot. Tartrate

Lactulose